Rifle of the 30th year of the Meiji era, which is the Japanese year 2565 (1905).

On the top of the rifle reads:

Type 30 Arisaka Writing

"type, year, 10, 3" and a Chrysanthemum, with cancelling, which means it's no longer "the Emperor's property"


This reads "type year 10 3" or "Type Year 30", meaning model of the 30th year of the current era/dynasty - being the Meiji era at the time. The * stands for a Chrysanthemum, a typical logo found on Japanese weaponry. Some surviving models have circular markings in the center called cancelling, these depict that the weapon is no longer in service with the Japanese Empire, be it withdrawn from service or captured/stolen.

Type 30 Arisaka Stock

Ian from points out the seem in the stock.

The safety system on this rifle is known as a 'hook safety'. This hook works as a cocking mechanism as well as a safety, which blocks the sights so it's obvious that the safety is activated.

As with many Arisaka rifles, the stock features a rather impeding seem. This is not a fault in manufacturing, rather a feature. The grain in the wood on the stock is straight and at the bottom of the stock it may result in chipping. As the wood available in Japan is not as strong as they'd like, it was designed to have the lower section of the stock to have the grain angled with the shape, making the whole design less prone to damage.

This model is the first of a series of rifles known as 'Arisaka' rifles. This comes from the one of the designers, Lieutenant General Arisaka Nariakira.

Many elements from this weapon come from the Mauser 1893 and Mauser 1895 rifles. The action in particular.


Japanese Models

  • Type 30 Rifle
  • Type 30 Carbine
  • Type 30 Training Rifle
  • Type 35 Naval Rifle

Chinese Models

  • "Manchu Arisaka"
  • Type 30 Carbine (Copy)


  • Austria-Hungary
  • Estonia
  • Empire of Japan
  • Finland
  • Russian Empire
  • United Kingdom
  • China



Japan Empire Weapons of Imperial Japan Japan Empire Army
1919 - 1945
Infantry Weapons
Swords Guntō
Bayonets Type30 BayonetType35 BayonetType2 Bayonet
Revolvers Type26 Revolver
Semi-Automatic Pistols Hamada Type 1 PistolHamada Type 2 PistolSugiura ShikiTypeA NambuTypeB NambuType14 NambuType19 PistolType94 Nambu
Bolt-Action Rifles Type30 RifleType30 CarbineType35Type38 RifleType38 CarbineType38 Cavalry RifleType44Type97Type99 ArisakaType99 Sniper RifleType100 TERAType1 TERAType2 TERATypeITypeMo
Semi-Automatic Rifles Type4Type5
Submachine Guns Experimental Model 1 Submachine GunExperimental Model 2 Submachine GunMAB 38MP 34Type100
Light Machine Guns Te-4Type11Type96Type99
Heavy Machine Guns Type3Type92Type92Type1
Anti-Tank Rifles Type97
Grenade Launchers Type10Type89
Rifle Grenade Launchers Type100Type2
Anti-Personnel Grenades Type10Type91Type97Type98Type99Type3Type4
Rocket Launchers Type4Type5
Flamethrowers Number 1 FlamethrowerNumber 2 FlamethrowerType93Type95Type100
Anti-Aircraft Guns Type2 20mmType98 20mmType4 75mmType11 75mmType88 75mmType3 80mmType99 88mmType14 10cmType3 12cmType10 12cmType5 15cmHo-103
Anti-Tank Guns Type97 20mmType1 37mmType94 37mmType1 47mmType5 75mmExperimental 10cmExperimental 10cm
Field Guns Type11 37mmType94 37mmType1 47mmType31 75mmType38 75mmType41 75mmType90 75mmType95 75mm
Howitzers Type92 70mmType14 10cmType91 10cmType38 12cmType4 15cmType38 15cmType96 15cm
Infantry & Mountain Guns Type1 37mm1Type92 70mmType31 75mmType41 75mmType99 10cm
Mortars Type98 50mmType11 70mmType3 81mmType97 81mmType99 81mmType94 90mmType97 90mmType2 12cmType93 15cmType95 15cmType96 15cmType97 15cmType98 32cm
Railroad Artillery Type90 24cm
Rocket Artillery Type4 20cmType4 40cm
Siege Artillery Type45 24cmType96 24cmType7 30cm
Land Vehicle Weapons
Vehicle Machine Guns Type91Type97Vickers Mk I
Mortars Type3 300mm
37mm Cannons Type94Type98Type100Type1
47mm Cannons Type97Type1
57mm Cannons Type90Type97
70mm Cannons Type95
75mm Cannons Type90Type99 (I/II)Type3Type5TypeGe
105mm Cannons Experimental Tank GunType91Experimental Anti-Tank Gun
150mm Cannons Type38Type96
Aircraft Weapons
Aircraft Machine Guns 7.7mm Type897.7mm Type9212.7mm Ho-10313mm Type 213.2mm Type3
Aircraft Cannons 20mm Ho-120mm Ho-520mm Type9930mm Ho-15530mm Type537mm Ho-20350mm Ho-40112cm Ho-60115cm Ho-701
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.