OverviewThe Type94 Light Armoured Car (九四式軽装甲車), known by its prototype name Tokushu Keninsha (特殊牽引車) is a Japanese tankette. The TK was based loosely on the Carden-Loyd Mk VI, after testing was conducted by the IJA. Despite being a tank by all measures, it was designated as an armoured car, as cavalry was not allowed operation of tanks. The TK was used to great effect in armoured spearheads during the Second Sino-Japanese War, despite its minimal armour thickness, as Chinese anti-tank options were limited. Much like the Type92 Heavy Armoured Car, production improvements to the Type94 TK did not have official variant names. Changes include lengthening of the chassis and lowering and up-scaling of the rear idler wheel, in turn reducing ground pressure. Eventually, the standard 6.5mm Type91 was replaced with a with a 7.7mm Type97. In late 1936 Ikegai Automobile developed a small diesel engine for a prototype TK. The prototype vehicle also mounted a 37mm Type94 tank gun. The size of the engine caused complications due to the small stature of the vehicle, and it was decided to design an entirely new tank. This led to the development of the Type97 Light Armoured Car. The TK was quickly phased out of service later in the war. By then, Chinese forces had acquired a number of weapons which easily defeated the armour of the vehicle. From then on, the TK primarily assumed a reconnaissance role.
Adaption of the Type94 to chemical warfare. Towed a tracked mobile liquid dissemination chemical vehicle to scatter mustard gas.
Another adaption of the Type94 to chemical warfare. Towed a tracked mobile disinfecting anti-chemical agents vehicle to scatter bleaching powder to counteract the mustard gas.
Pole planting vehicle built off of Type94 chassis. It was used to transport and to plant telegraph poles.
Cable laying vehicle built off of Type94 chassis. Used to lay cables on telegraph poles placed by the Type97 Pole Planter.
| Land Vehicles of Imperial Japan |
1919 - 1945
|Combat||Amphibious Offensive||Chenilette St-Chamond M1921 • Inoma-Kaminishi • Sumida AMP|
|Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Gun||Type 98 Ho-Ki SPAAG|
|Utility||Transport & Towing||Type95 Kurogane • Type98 Ho-Ki Prime Mover • Type1 Ho-Ha|
|Amphibious Transport & Towing||Ishikawan Jime|
|Combat||Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Gun||Type98 Ta-Se (truck)|
|Self-Propelled Anti-Tank Gun||Nissan 80|
|Armoured / Scout / Patrol Cars||Austin Model 1918 • British Crossley Mk I • Type92 Osaka • Type87 Armoured Car • Type3 Sumida • Type92 Chiyoda • Type92 Chokei Sensha • Type92 Kokusan|
|Utility||Transport & Towing||Nissan 180 • Nissan Model 97 • Toyota KB • Toyota KC • Type94 Truck • Type97 Truck • Type1 Truck • Type2 Truck|
|Staff Cars||Nissan 70 • Toyota Syoki • Type92 Chiyoda • Model93 Staff Car • Model95 Kurogane • Nissan Model97 Staff Car • Type98 Staff Car|
|Amphibious Transport & Towing||Su-Ki Amphibious Truck|
|Motocycles||Model 97 Kurogane • Sanrinsha|