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Overview

One of the most successful Cruiser tanks fielded by Britain during WWII. Named after Oliver Cromwell.

Variants

Cruiser Mk VIII, Centaur

Centaur I

Equipped with the Royal Ordnance QF 6 Pounder Mk III (57mm) cannon with 64 rounds of ammunition. Only used for training. 1059 were built.

Centaur II

Experimental Centaur 1 with wider tracks and no hull MG.

Centaur III

Centaur armed with the Royal Ordnance QF 75mm Mk V cannon. ~223 produced.

Centaur IV

Armed with a Royal Ordnance QF 95mm Howitzer with 51 rounds of ammunition. This is the only Centaur model known to see combat. The vehicles were equipped with wading gear to assist in shore landings with the Royal Marines Armoured Support Group. Trunking waterproofed and engine inlets and covers were fitted to the guns. 114 produced.

Centaur, AA Mk I

A Crusader III, AA Mk II turret fitted with twin 20mm Polsten cannons. Originally developed in Normandy, but withdrawn as unnecessary due to Allied air superiority. 95 were produced.

Centaur, AA Mk II

A Crusader III, AA Mk III turret fitted with twin 20mm Polsten cannons.

Cruiser Mk VIII, Cromwell

A w after the Roman numeral depicts a welded instead of riveted hull.

Cruiser Mk VIII, Cromwell I

Same as Centaur I, but using a Meteor engine. ~357 produced.

Cruiser Mk VIII, Cromwell II

Increased track width and removal of the hull MG to increase stowage. None produced.

Cruiser Mk VIII, Cromwell III

Centaur I upgraded with Meteor engine. ~200 produced. Unknown differences between Cromwell I and III.

Cruiser Mk VIII, Cromwell IV

Centaur I or III upgraded with Meteor engine, or built from scratch. >1935 produced.

Cruiser Mk VIII, Cromwell IVw

Welded hull version of Cromwell IV.

Cruiser Mk VIII, Cromwell Vw

Cromwell built from the start with the Royal Ordnance QF 75mm Mk V gun and a welded hull instead of riveted hull.

Cruiser Mk VIII, Cromwell VI

Cromwell armed with a Royal Ordnance QF 95mm Howitzer.

Cruiser Mk VIII, Cromwell VII

Cromwell IV and Cromwell V upgraded with additional armour (101mm to front), wider 15.5in tracks, and an additional gearbox. Produced late in the war and did not see much combat. ~1500 produced.

Cruiser Mk VIII, Cromwell VIIw

Cromwell Vw reworked to Cromwell VII standard, or built as new to that standard.

Cruiser Mk VIII, Cromwell VIII

Cromwell VI reworked with the same upgrades as the VII.

Designs Based on Chassis

Cruiser, Challenger

A lengthened Cromwell chassis and widened structure to mount a new turret featuring a Royal Ordnance 17 Pounder.

SP 17pdr, Avenger

This vehicle was the same as the Challenger above, but with a lighter, open-topped turret.

Heavy Assault, Excelsior

A heavy assault tank developed because there was concerns about the Churchill being too slow and unreliable. This design follows the concept of the Churchill, but on the Cromwell chassis. Equipped with a Royal Ordnance QF 75mm.

FV4101 Charioteer

Equipped with a Royal Ordnance QF 20 Pounder (84mm), this Medium Tank / Tank Destroyer was a Cromwell chassis with a new turret to accommodate the large main gun. Designed in 1950s.

Centaur Dozer

A Centaur with the turret removed and given a simple dozer blade. The winch passed over the top of the hull so it was not possible to retain the turret. 250 produced.

Centaur Observation Post (OP)

A Centaur with a dummy main gun, and extra radio communications.

Centaur Kangaroo

A Centaur with the turret removed to make space for passengers.

Centaur Armoured Recovery Vehicle (ARV)

A Centaur with turret removed and replaced with a winch, and an optional A-frame.

Cromwell Command

The main gun was removed and it carried one No.19 (Low Power) and one No.19 (High Power) wireless sets. These were used by brigade and divisional HQ.

Cromwell Observation Post (OP)

Cromwell IV, VI or VIII fitted with extra radio equipment (2x No.19, 2x No.38). The main gun was still functional.

Cromwell Control

Two No.19 (Lower Power) radios. Main gun functional, used by Regimental HQ.

Further Production

A28

A Cromwell with increased armour and skirting plates.

A30

Known as the SP 17pdr, Avenger above.

A31

Projected Cromwell with heavier armour.

A32

Projected Cromwell with armour equal to Churchill standards.

A33

Known as the Heavy Assault, Excelsior above.

A34

The Cruiser, Comet.

A35

Projected heavier Cromwell.

Other

Tanks of comparable role, performance and era

Flag of United Kingdom (1801 to Present) United Kingdom - 'A' Vehicles List
Light Tanks Standard Light Tanks A.3E1A.4E1A.4E2A.4E3A.4E4A.4E5A.4E6A.4E7A.4E8A.4E9A.4E10A.4E13A.4E14A.4E15A.4E16A.4E17A.4E18A.4E19A.4E20A.5E1A.17E1A.18E1A.25E1A.46
Amphibious Light Tanks A.4E11A.4E12
Medium Tanks Standard Medium Tanks A.2E1A.2E2A.3E1A.6E1A.6E2A.6E3A.8E1
Cruiser Tanks A.9E1A.10E1A.10E2A.10E3A.13E1A.13E2A.13E3A.13 Mk. IA.13 Mk. IIA.13 Mk. IIIA.15E1A.19E1A.24E1A.27LA.27MA.28A.29A.30 ChallengerA.31A.32A.34A.35A.36A.41A.41*A.41AA.41SA.41TA.44
Infantry Tanks A.11E1A.12E1A.20E1A.20E2A.21E1A.22E1A.22FA.23E1A.26A.38A.42A.43
Heavy Tanks Standard Heavy Tanks A.1E1A.7E1A.7E2A.7E3A.45
Heavy Cruiser Tanks A.14E1A.14E2A.16E1
Heavy Assault Tanks A.33A.37A.39
Self-Propelled Guns Tank Destroyers A.30 Avenger
Self-Propelled Gun A.22D
Flag of United Kingdom (1801 to Present) United Kingdom Warflag of the United Kingdom
Land Vehicles
Interwar & World War II
Tracked Vehicles
Light Tanks Standard Light Tanks Carrier, Machine Gun, No. IA.18Light Tank Mk. I (Mk. Ia)Light Tank Mk. II (Mk. IIaIIbIndian Pattern No. 1Indian Pattern No. 2)SceptreTetrarchVickers E (AB)Vickers F
Amphibious Light Tanks A.4E11A.4E12
Medium / Other Tanks Medium Tanks A.8E1Medium Tank Mk. I (CS)Medium Tank Mk. IIMedium Tank Mk. IIIMedium Tank, Grant Mk. I
Cruiser Tanks A.19A.40ChallengerCometCruiser Mk. ICruiser Mk. IICruiser Mk. IIICruiser Mk. IVCruiser Mk. V, CovenanterCruiser Mk. VI, Crusader (Mk. IMk. I CSMk. IIMk. II CSMk. III)Cruiser Mk. VII, CavalierCruiser Mk. VIII, Centaur (Mk. IMk. IIMk. IIIMk. IV)Cruiser Mk. VIII, Cromwell (Mk. IMk. IIMk. IIIMk. IVMk. VMk. VIMk. VIIMk. VIII)Sherman (Mk. IMk. I HybridMk. IbIbyIcMk. IIMk. IIaMk. IIayMk. IIcMk. IIIMk. IIIaMk. IIIayMk. IIIcMk. IVMk. IVaMk. IVbIVbyMk. IVcMk. VMk. VcMk. VIIMk. VIIc)
Infantry Tanks Black PrinceInfantry Tank Mk. IInfantry Tank Mk. II, Matilda (Mk. IMk. IIIIaMk. II CSMk. IIIMk. III CSMk. IVMk. IV CS)Infantry Tank Mk. III, Valentine (Mk. IMk. IIMk. IIIMk. IVMk. VMk. VIMk. VIIMk. VIIaMk. VIIIMk. IXMk. XMk. XI)Infantry Tank Mk. IV, Churchill (Mk. IMk. IIMk. II CSMk. IIIMk. III*Mk. III AVREMk. III NA75Mk. IVMk. IV AVREMk. IV NA75Mk. V CSMk. VIMk. VIIMk. VII AVREMk. VIIIMk. VIII CSMk. IXMk. IX LTMk. XMk. X LTMk. XIMk. XI LT)Valiant
Flamethrowing Tanks Churchill Mk. II OkeChurchill Mk. III OkeChurchill Mk. VII CrocodileSherman Mk. III AdderSherman Mk. V Adder
Heavy Tanks Standard Heavy Tanks A.7E1A.7E2A.7E3Heavy Tank, TOG 1Heavy Tank, TOG 2Heavy Tank, TOG 2*Heavy Tank, Vickers Independent
Heavy Cruiser Tanks A.14E1A.14E2A.16E1
Assault Tanks A.37A.T.1A.T.2A.T.3A.T.4A.T.5A.T.6A.T.7A.T.7AA.T.8A.T.9A.T.10A.T.13A.T.14A.T.15A.T.15AA.T.16A.T.17A.T.18CommodoreTortoise
Self-Propelled Guns Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Gun Crusader AA Mk. 1Crusader AA Mk. IICrusader AA Mk. IIICruiser Tank, Mk. VIII, Centaur Mk. III, AA, Mk. ICruiser Tank, Mk. VIII, Centaur Mk. III, AA, Mk. IVickers Light Tank Mk. VIa, AA, Mk. I
Self-Propelled Anti-Tank Gun 6-pdr, SP, Molins6-pdr, SP3, Alecto Mk. II17-pdr, SP, M10, Achilles Mk. Ic17-pdr, SP, M10, Achilles Mk. IIc17-pdr, SP1, Valentine, Mk. I, Archer17-pdr, SP2, Avenger
Self-Propelled Gun 3.75-inch, SP, Alecto Mk. I25-pdr, SP, Alecto Mk. III32-pdr, SP, Alecto Mk. IVGun Carrier, 3-inch, Mk. I, Churchill
Self-Propelled Howitzer 25-pdr, SP, Archer25-pdr, SP, BishopSP 25pdr, Loyd
Self-Propelled Mortar 9.75-inch Flame Mortar, SP, Valentine, Mk. I
Utility APC Churchill Kangaroo
ARV Churchill Mk. I ARVChurchill Mk. II ARVChurchill Mk. III ARVChurchill Mk. IV ARV
Bridge Laying Churchill Mk. III ARKChurchill Mk. IV ARKShermon Octopus
CP Covenanter Mk. II CommandCrusader Mk. III Command
Mine Clearing Churchill SnakeValentine Snake
OP Covenanter Mk. II OPCovenanter Mk. IV OPCrusader Mk. III OP
Spot. A.41, CDLChurchill Mk. II, CDLMedium Tank, Grant Mk. I, CDLInfantry Tank Mk. III, Valentine, CDL
Half-Tracked Vehicles
Tankettes Crossley-Martel TanketteMorris-Martel Tankette
Transport & Towing Crossley BGVM2 HalftrackM5 Halftrack (A1A2)M9 Halftrack (M9A1 Halftrack)
Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Gun Burford Halftrack12.7mm M13 MGMC12.7mm M14 MGMC12.7mm M16 MGMC12.7mm M17 MGMC
Self-Propelled Anti-Tank Gun 57mm T48 GMC75mm M3 GMC
Wheeled Vehicles
Armoured Cars ACV-IP Mk. I (Mk. IIMk. IIaMk. IIbMk. IIcMk. IIIMk. IV)AEC Mk. I (Mk. IIMk. III)BoarhoundCoventry Mk. I (Mk. II)Daimler Mk. I (Mk. II)Dingo Mk. I (Mk. IaMk. IbMk. IIMk. III)GreyhoundGuy Mk. I (Mk. Ia)Humber Armoured Car Mk. I (Mk. IIMk. IIIMk. IV)Humber Light Reconnaissance Car Mk. I (Mk. IIMk. IIIMk. IIIa)Lanchester Armoured Car Mk. I (Mk. II)Marmon-Herrington Armoured Car Mk. I (Mk. IIMk. IIIMk. IIIaMk. IVMk. IV FMk. VMk. VIMk. VIIMk. VIII)Morris CS9Morris Experimental TankMorris Glanville Fighter CarMorris LRC Mk. I (Mk. II)Morris SalamanderRolls-Royce Armoured Car 1914 Pattern FordsonRolls-Royce Armoured Car 1920 Pattern Mk. IRolls-Royce Armoured Car 1920 Pattern Mk. IaRolls-Royce Armoured Car 1921 Indian PatternRolls-Royce Armoured Car 1924 PatternRover Light Armoured Car Mk. I (Mk. II)Staghound Mk. I (MK. IIMk. III)Standard Car Mk. I (Mk. IIMk. IIIMk. IV)
Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Gun AEC Armoured Car Mk. II, AAHumber Mk. I, AALeyland Beaver-EelStaghound Armoured Car, AA, Mk. I
Self-Propelled Gun AEC Deacon Mk. IMorris Firefly
Command AEC ACVGuy Lizard ACVLanchester Armoured Car Mk. IaLanchester Armoured Car Mk. IIa
Observation Humber Mk. II, OPMorris LRC Mk. I, OP
Unarmed Reconnaissance Lynx Scout Car Mk. ILynx Scout Car Mk. II
Transport & Towing AEC Matador 0853Albion BY3NAustin 10Austin K2/YAustin K3/YFAustin K30Chevrolet 1.5 tonChevrolet 1311X3 15cwtChevrolet 1533X2 30cwtChevrolet C8Chevrolet Standard 40CMP Ford 8cwtFord 15cwtFord C8AFord F30Ford WOA2Humber FFWHumber FWDHumber Staff SaloonHumber Super SnipeWillys MB
Amphibious Transport & Towing Terrapin
Motorcycles Ariel W/NGBSA (W)M20Triumph-3HWTriumph-3SW