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Overview

The ASU-85 is a Soviet airborne self-propelled gun / tank destroyer based on the PT-76 chassis.

Design

Early ASU-85 models were open-topped. Serial production was ordered for 1958, but the Ministry of Defense ordered for an armoured roof to be added. Series production started in 1961.

Variants

ASU-85 — Object 573
Standard model.
1S91
1S91 radar vehicle, part of the 2K12 Kub system.
ZSU-23-4
The GM-575 is a chassis based off the ASU-85 that the ZSU-23-4 used.
2P25
The GM-568 and GM-578 are chassis based off the ASU-85 that the 2P25 used.

Ammunition

See D-70 for its ammunition. Specific ASU-85 ammo loadouts are not known.

Operators

Flag of East Germany (1959 - 1990) East Germany
The Nationale Volksarmee received 20 vehicles in 1964.
Flag of Poland from 1928 to 1980 Poland
Ludowe Wojsko Polskie received 31 ASU-85s in 1966, all were assigned to the 35th Self-Propelled Artillery Squadron (Polish 35. Dywizjon Artylerii Samobieżnej) of the 6th Pomeranian Airborne Division (Polish: 6. Pomorska Dywizja Powietrzno-Desantowa). All were withdrawn in 1976.
Flag of the USSR (1955 to 1980) Soviet Union
The Soviet Airborne Forces operated the ASU-85 for a short time before being withdrawn.
Flag of Vietnam from 1955 to Present Vietnam
Still in service.
Flag of the Russian Federation (1993 to present) Russian Federation
Land Vehicles
Modern Period (1991 — Present)
Tracked Vehicles
Light Tanks Light Tank 2S25 (M)
Light Tank, Amphibious 685906PT-76 (A, B, M)PT-85PT-90
Light Tank, Amphibious Command PT-76K
IFV 19911914B-10B-19BMP-64BMPTBMPV-64T-15
IFV, Amphibious 764765911BMP-1 (P)BMP-2 (DM)BMP-3 (FFKFrKMM-3)
Medium Tanks MBT 139140167 (T)430 (U)640785T-14T-62 (1960, 1972, 1975, D, D-1, K, KN, M, M-1, M1, M1-1, M1-2, M1-2-1, M1V, M1V-1, MD, MD-1, MK, MK-1, MV-1)T-64 (A, AK, B, B1, B1M, BM2, BV, R, T, U)T-67T-72 (A 1979A 1984AKAVBB 1989B 1990B1B2B3 2011B3 2014B3 2016T-72B3MBABUBVMM1M1MM1VSV)T-74T-80 (A 1982A 1984AKAKVB 1978B 1980BKBV 1985BVKBVM 2017M-1U 1986U 1992UE 1999UKUM 1995UM-1 1997UM-2UM2)T-90 (1992A 2006AKAMKM 2017MSSSK)T-95T-99
Command Tanks 446BT-64B1KT-64BKT-72 (AKB1KBKKM1KMK)T-90 (K)
SPG ATGMV [[]]
SPAA 2S6 (MM1)2S389K359K379K330
SPATG 1202S152S25 (M1)2S282S292S37BTR-50P
SPG 2S1M2S5 (MM1)2S7 (M)2S9 (-11M)2S112S132S17 (-2)2S222S23 (M)2S31 (YeM)2S34 (-1M)2S362S392S402S422S43ISU-152ObzhimkaT-62/160
SPH 9242A32A42S1 (M1)2S22S3 (MM1, M2M2-155M3)2S182S19 (MM1M1-155M2)2S212S262S272S302S33S-103
Self-Propelled Laser 1K17 Szhatie
SPM 2S42S82S102S12 (AB)2S242S41
SPRA 2P169P139BM-24TObject 280Object 634 (B)TOS-1TOS-1M (A)
Explosive Related Mine Laying GMZ-3
Mine Clearing / Sweeping BMR-3BMR-3M (A)UR-07UR-67UR-77
Misc Tanks Ammunition Carrier TZM-T
APC B-11BTR-50BTR-50PABTR-50PMBTRV-64
ARV BREM-1 (M)BREM-64BREM-LObject 447TBTS-4VT-62T
Bridge Laying MTU-72MTU-90
Command BTR-50PNBTR-50PUBTR-50PU-2BTR-50PUMBTR-50PUM-1
Engineering & Maintenance BAT-2BMT-3BTM-4IMR-2IMR-3MIRMMDK-3MTP-1ZSU-57-2 BTS-55
Firefighting SPM
Observation, Spotting & Survey [[]]
Reconnaissance PT-76RKh
Transport & Towing BMO-TIT-1T
Wheeled Vehicles
Offensive / Defensive IFV BMPT-K-64VPK-7829Object 19
SPAA 9P31BTR-40ABTR-141A
SPATGM 2P272P329P1109P1229P1249P1339P1379P148
SPBM 9P719P1179P120
SPH 2S27A-222
SPRA 2B52B172B26
Other APC BTR-40 (VBB (RKh)ZhD)BTR-60 (PPAPBPBM)BTR-70BTR-80BTR-90BTR-141BTR-7829GAZ-3937-11
ARV BREM-K
Bridge Laying PP-2005PPS-84TMM-3TMM-6
Cargo GAZ-33097KamAZ-5350KamAZ-6350KamAZ-43501MAZ-4370MAZ-4570MAZ-5336MAZ-5337MAZ-5432MAZ-5433MAZ-5434MAZ-5442MAZ-5516MAZ-5551MAZ-6303MAZ-6317MAZ-6417MAZ-6422MAZ-6425MAZ-6430Ural-4320Ural-5323Ural-43206ZiL-4334
CP GA-39371
Crane KS-5571KS-5573KS-5576KS-6571
Decontamination Vehicle ARS-14KMTMS-65USSO
Dump Truck MAZ-7510
Engineering EOV-3521EOV-3523KamAZ-65225KS-3574M3MAZ-205MAZ-500 (A, SH)MAZ-501MAZ-503 (A)MAZ-509AMAZ-510MAZ-511MAZ-516BMAZ-525MAZ-529MAZ-530MAZ-5335MAZ-5334MAZ-5549MAZ-53352PBU-100
Firefighting Vehicle AA-60(543)-160AA-70(543)-172AA-60(7310)-160.01AA-60(7313) (160.01AA-60(7313)-220)
IMV GAZ-2975GAZ-3937GAZ-3937-10GAZ-233034GAZ-233036Iveco LMV
Medical BMM-80
RV BPM-97BRDM-1 (RKhU)BRDM-2 (RKhRKhARKhBU)
Security Lavina-M
Smoke Generating Vehicle TDA-2KTDA-3
Transport & Towing 9T254MAZ-200 (V)MAZ-502MAZ-504 (ABG, SV)MAZ-508BMAZ-520MAZ-535 (A)MAZ-5429MAZ-7310MAZ-7904MAZ-7906MAZ-79221NAMI-020NAMI-021Ural-375ZiL-131
Utility MAZ-543 (A, M, P)MAZ-547MAZ-7907MAZ-7910MAZ-7912MAZ-7917MAZ-74106UAZ-452UAZ-469UAZ-3132UAZ-3163
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