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Overview

The ASM-DT was a Soviet underwater duel-medium assault rifle concept, later realized after the emergence of the Russian Federation in the 1990s. It boasts a complex design, based on influence from the previous APS underwater assault rifle, and similar concepts.

The rifle system features a unique concept, that being a duel-feed mechanism. This, in short, allows for two types of magazines to be accepted, determined by the environment above or underwater.

History

Following the pattern of success with the already in-service APS underwater assault rifle, the concept for a underwater firearm seemed necessary for naval Spetsnaz units, or Russian frogmen. The only notable issue with such designs is the lack of needed firepower for potential emergency above-water situations. Previously, the AK, AKM, or most commonly the AK-74 assault rifle, would be used for any aforementioned incidents due to the limited range of the APS rifle.

Interestingly, the first concept of such a rifle with duel-medium features dates back to c.1969, where Russian professor Yuri Danilov, who is credited with the ASM-DT concept and design, would apparently propose such idea. Meanwhile in 1973, the first iteration of the APS underwater assault rifle would be created, at this time, a physical representation of the ASM-DT would not exist for another twenty-years, until the 1990s. With the new APS seeing usage, Danilov would experiment on it, as sort of a platform or basis to continue his duel-feed design on.

Development

With the first concept being developed by Professor Yuri Danilov in 1969, plus the later 1975 inclusion of the newly in-service APS underwater assault rifle, it seemed as if the time for development was ready to prove itself on an actual physic rendition of Danilov's (at the time) sketches and other mockups.

There is no record, or really any form of evidence allow for an exact date on a potential first prototype. It may be inferred that Danilov continued his work throughout the later half of the twentieth century, until first production models surfaced to public knowledge in 1991. However, the most well-known prototype (pictured above) incorporates other elements from previous Russian-rifles. Most notably of these features was the borrowed 5,45x39mm cartridge for above water usage, also the side folding AKS-74-style stock.

AK Series
Soviet
&
Russian
AK AKAKN (1)AKSAKSN
AKM AKMAKMKAKML (23)AKMLPAKMN (123)AKMPAKMSAKMSLAKMSNAKMSNPAKMSPAKMSVAKMVAKMVDRPKRPKSRPKSLRPKSN (123)
AK-74 AK-70AK-74AK-74N (123)AKS-74AKS-74NAKS-74UAKS-74UBAKS-74UBN (123)AKS-74UN (123)AKS-74PAK-74VRPK-74RPK-74N (123)RPK-74PRPKS-74RPKS-74N (123)RPKS-74P
AK-100s AK-74M (N1N2N3)AK-74MBAK-74MPAK-100AK-101 (-1-2)AK-102 (-1-2)AK-103 (-1-2)AK-104 (-1-2)AK-105 (-1-2)AK-107AK-108AK-109AK-9RPK-74M (N1N2N3)RPK-74MPRPK-200RPK-201RPK-203
AK-12 AK-12 (201220132014201520162017)AK-12KAK-12/76AK-15AK-15KAK-19AK-200AK-201AK-202AK-203AK-204AK-205AK-308AK-400RPK-16RPK-400
Derivatives AEK-971AEK-972AEK-973AKBAKB-1AKV-521AL-4AL-7AL-9AN-94AO-35AO-38IZh-108IZh-109KushnapupSaiga-12 (SKisp.340)Saiga-20 (SK)Saiga-308 (-1-2)Saiga-.410 (SKK-01)Saiga-9Saiga MKSaiga MK-03Saiga MK-107Junker-4-327Junker-4-439
Foreign Models Albanian ASH-78ASH-82
American AKU-94IO AKM247 (T)KOMRADKP-9KR-9 (SBR)KS-12 (T)MDC Apocalypse (DeathFaminePestilenceWar)US109US132
Azerbaijani Khazri
Bulgarian Arsenal AR (-F-1F-M1-M1F-M4SF-SF)
Chinese AK-2000QBZ56 (-1-2CM)
Croatian APS-95
Finnish RK 62RK 95
German GSG-AK-47MPi-KMPi-KSMPi-KMMPi-KMS-72MPi-KMS-KMPi-AK-74NMPi-AKS-74NMPi-AKS-74NK
Egyptian Maadi ARMMisr
Hungarian AK-55AKN-55AKM-63AKS-55AKSN-55AMD-65AMMAMMSSA-85MFÉG NGM-81
Indian AK-7Trichy
Iranian KL-7.62KLFKLSKLT
Iraqi Tabuk Assault RifleTabuk Assault CarbineTabuk Sniper Rifle
Italian AP-80
Nigerian OBJ-006
North Korean Type 58Type 68Type 88
Pakistani AK/8mmAKMSU
Polish Kbk AKKbk wz.1960Kbk wz.1960/72Kbk wz.1988Kbk wz.1996Kbk wz.2005pmKpmKSRadom-HunterSkbk wz.1989
Romanian AIMAIMSAIMRPM md. 63PM md. 65PM md. 90WASR-2WASR-3WASR-10
Slovenian AKB-15
Ukrainian MalyukVepr
Vietnamese AKM-1AKM-VNTUL-1
Yugoslavian Zastava M64Zastava M70Zastava M72Zastava M85Zastava M92
Flag of the USSR (1980 to 1991) Soviet Union
Weapons
Cold War Period (1946 — 1990)
Infantry Weapons
Melee Weapons Bayonet 6Kh5NR-2
Survival Weapon 6P25UNRS-2
Sidearms Pistol MSPPBPMPMMPSMPSSPSS-2S4MTKTKB-506 (A)TT-30TT-33IZh-79-8
Revolver R-92R-95
Machine Pistol APBAPKAPSVAG-72VAG-73
Close Quarters Personal Defense Weapon AO-46TP-82
Submachine Gun AYeK-918AYeK-919PP-27PP-71PPS-42PPS-43TKB-0102TKB-0104
Shotgun (semi-automatic) TOZ-87TOZ-187
Shotgun (manual-action) KS-23 (KM)Marocchi First-E (Deluxe)Marocchi Si-12MTs 20 (0101M020304)TOZ-34TOZ-66TOZ-94TOZ-194TP-82
Primary Weapons Assault Rifle (5.45/5.56) 80.002AK-70AK-74 (NN1N2N3)AKS-74 (N)AL-4AL-7AN-94 (N)AO-38AO-63AP-34AYeK-971 (M)AYeK-972AYeK-977AYeK-978SA-006TKB-09TKB-0146VAHAN
Assault Rifle (7.62) 2B-A-40A-762AD-46AD-47AD-48AD-53AK (N)AKM (LL2L3LPNN1N2N3P)AKMSAKS (N)AO-27AR-46 (S)AT-44AYeK-973 (s)TKB-010TKB-011TKB-022TKB-059TKB-408TKB-517
Assault Rifle (other) AO-33AO-34AO-35AO-36AS (-1-1N3M)
Assault Carbine (5.45/5.56) AKS-74U (BBNBN1UBN2BN3NN1N2N3)AYeK-958PPL
Assault Carbine (7.62) -None Known-
Assault Carbine (other) -None Known-
Automatic Support Weapons Light Machine Gun 2B-P-40PU-21RPDRPDMRPKRPK-74
General Purpose Machine Gun PKPKMPKS
Heavy Machine Gun DShKNSV
Rifles Anti-Materiel Rifle KSVK
Bolt-Action Rifle Anschutz 1717GM-1MTs 20 (070809)
Marksman Rifle 6V1-6SKSSVD (GKMNN1N2N3SSN2SN3)
Launchers Grenade Launcher (Attachment) BS-1GP-25Kalashnikov Grenade Launcher
Grenade Launcher (Standalone) 6G30DP-61DP-64GM-94RG-6RGM-40RGM-50 (M)
Disposable Rocket Launcher RPG-18RPG-22RPG-26RPG-27RPG-28RPG-30
Rocket Launcher AYeK-908RPG-2RPG-2RPG-4RPG-7RPG-16RPG-29RPG-32
Guided, Anti-Tank 9P111
Guided, Anti-Air [[]]
Non-Lethal Weapons Rifle [[]]
Pistol AYeK-946
Underwater Weapons Sidearm SPP-1
Rifle ASM-DTAPS
Explosives Anti-Personnel Mines MON-50MON-90MON-100MON-200OZM-3OZM-4OZM-72PMN-1PMN-2PMN-4POMZPOMZ-2POMZ-2M
Anti-Tank Mines TM-57TM-62 (BDMPT)TM-72TM-89
Offensive Grenades F-1RGD-5
Smoke Grenades [[]]
Firearm Accessories
Weapon Equipment Attachment Mounts [[]]
Magazines 6L56L66L76L86L96L106L116L126L156L166L176L186L196L206L236L246L256L266L276L286L296L316L336P2 Sb.11
Weapon Sights Collimator 1P561P63 (PK-1) (ObzorZapev)1P66 (VK-10T)EKP-1S-03 (M)EKP-8 (02161821M-PP)
Holographic [[]]
Iron [[]]
Night 1PN341PN581PN68NSPU (MM-1)
Reflector EKP-8-18PK-06
Telescopic 1P29 (USP-1)1P43
Attachments Flashlights & Lasers [[]]
Foregrips & Bipods [[]]
Infantry Equipment
Optics, Detection and Surveillance Man-Portable Radar 1L227 SobolyatnikAistenokPSNR-8M Kredo-M1
Mine Detectors Korshun
Night Vision Goggles 1PN138Lun-M
Periscopes TR-8
Rangefinders PDU-4
Surveillance Ironiya
Artillery
Autocannons 23mm 2A14
Anti-Aircraft Guns 23mm 2A1323mm ZU-23
Anti-Tank Guns 85mm D-48100mm 2A19 (-1MN)100mm 2A23100mm 2A29 (-1-6-7KMN)125mm 2A45 (M)
Anti-Tank Guided Missiles 9M1119M1139M1319M133
Anti-Tank Guided Missile Systems 9K1119K1139K1159K135
Anti-Tank Guided Missile Systems 2P262P27
Howitzers 122mm D-30 (AA1)
Mortars 82mm 2B1482mm 2B25
Mountain Guns 76mm GP-58
Recoilless Guns B-10 (N)
Rocket Artillery 9K51 (-1M)
Siege Artillery [[]]
Land Vehicle Weapons
Vehicle Machine Guns 6P416P49DShKDT (M)KPVTNSVTPKBPKMTPKT (M)SGMT
57mm Tank Guns Ch-51M
73mm Tank Guns 2A282A41
76.2mm Tank Guns D-56T (S)
85mm Tank Guns D-5T (85MBU)D-58D-70ZiS-S-53 (M)
100mm Tank Guns 2A70D-10SD-10T (2S)D-50D-54 (S)LB-1U-8TS
115mm Tank Guns 2A212A20D-68U-5TS
120mm Tank Guns 2A60
122mm Tank Guns A-19SBL-9BL-13-1 (A)D-6D-25SD-25T (44TBM)D-30TD-49M-30M-62 (ST2S)U-11
125mm Tank Guns D-812A262A46 (12M)2A82 (1M)D-81TMML-20
130mm Tank Guns S-26S-70 (A)
152.4mm Tank Guns 2A332A83BL-10BR-2D-4SD-22M-51M-53SM-64M-69ML-20 (ML-20SM)
Heavy Guns 180mm B-1-P203mm B-4
Autocannon (?) 23mm 2A7 (M)30mm 2A38M30mm 2A4230mm 2A7237mm 2A1157mm S-68
Autocannon Mounts 23mm 2A10 (M)37mm 2A12
Aircraft Weapons & Munitions
7.62mm Machine Guns GShG-7.62ShKAS
12.7mm Machine Guns Berezin UB
23mm Cannons GSh-6-23 (M)GSh-23 (L)NR-23NS-23
30mm Cannons 2A422A72GSh-6-30GSh-301NR-30
37mm Cannons N-37
Rocket Pods B-8 (M1)B-13O-25ORO-57KUB-16 (UB-16-57)UB-32 (A)
Rockets S-5S-8 (BMKOMOM)S-13 (OFT)S-24 (B)S-25 (LLDOFMOFM-PU)S-80
AAM K-5K-8K-13 (A)R-27 (EPERETPRT)R-33 (E)R-40 (RDTD)R-60 (MMK)R-73 (AE)R-77RVV-AE
ASM Kh-31 (AAD)Kh-35 (EU)Kh-41P-800
AGM Kh-23Kh-25(MLMT)Kh-29 (DLMLT)Kh-31Kh-38 (MAEMEMKEMLEMTE)Kh-59 (MEMKMK2)Kh-66
Anti-Radiation Missiles Kh-25MPKh-27 (PS)Kh-28Kh-31 (PPD)Kh-58 (UShKE)
Cruise Missiles Kh-36Kh-65 (SSE)Kh-SD
Bombs BETAB-500SHPFAB-250FAB-500 (T)KAB-500 (KRLODS-E)KAB-1500 (KRL)ODAB-500PMOFAB-100-120OFAB-250-270P-50TRBK-250RBK-500SPBE-DZB-500
Naval Weapons & Munitions
7.62mm Machine Guns [[]]
12.7mm Machine Guns [[]]
23mm Cannons [[]]
30mm Cannons [[]]
37mm Cannons 70-K
100mm Cannons AK-100
Rockets [[]]
Air-to-Air Missiles [[]]
Air-to-Ship Missiles [[]]
Air-to-Surface Missiles [[]]
Anti-Radiation Missiles [[]]
Cruise Missiles [[]]
Bombs [[]]
Flag of the Russian Federation (1993 to present) Russian Federation
Weapons
Modern Period (1991 — Present)
Infantry Weapons
Melee Weapons Bayonet 6Kh5NR-2
Survival Weapon 6P25UNRS-2
Sidearms Pistol GSh-18MP-71 (H)MP-443MP-444MP-445MP-446OTs-27P-96 (MS)PL-14PL-15 (K)PYaS4MSR1 (1MMPPM)TK717TTK1911 (SKhT)TK P226T (SSKh)
Revolver AYeK-906 (-01)MP-412OTs-01OTs-11OTs-28OTs-38OTs-134R-92RSA KobaltRSh-12
Machine Pistol OTs-23OTs-33
Close Quarters Personal Defense Weapon GepardPP-90 (M)PP-92PP-2000SR-2 (M)
Submachine Gun 9A-91KMO-9OTs-02 (01)OTs-12OTs-22 (M)PKSKPP-9PP-19 (22-012-022-032-042-052-062-073)PP-19-01PP-90 (M)PP-90M1PP-91 (01)PP-92PP-919PP-2011PPK-20SR2 (MMP)VPO-132
Shotgun (semi-automatic) AKS-366Bekas-M-AutoMP-153MP-155 (K)MTs 21-12Saiga 12 (340)VPO-205 (0102030404-06SP)
Shotgun (manual-action) Bekas (M)KS-23 (KM)Marocchi First-E (Deluxe)Marocchi Si-12MP-133 (KS)MTs 255RMB-93TK527TOZ-34TOZ-66TOZ-94TOZ-106TOZ-123TOZ-194TP-82
Primary Weapons Assault Rifle (5.45/5.56) 5.56A-91A-545ADAR 2-15ADSAK-12AK-19AK-74MAK-101 (12)AK-107AK-108AK-200AK-201AK-400AN-94 (N)AYeK-971 (M)AYeK-972AYeK-977AYeK-978ORSIS-AR15JSGK-13SGK-14SGK-15VAHAN
Assault Rifle (7.62) A-91 (M)A-762AK-15AK-103AK-109AK-203AK-308AYeK-973 (s)OTs-14-1AORSIS-AR15JSarychSGK-12
Assault Rifle (other) 9A-91ASh-12AS (-1-1N3M)OTs-14-4AShAK-12
Assault Carbine (5.45/5.56) AK-12KAK-102 (12)AK-105AK-202AK-205AKV-521AM-17AYeK-958MA
Assault Carbine (7.62) AK-15KAK-104AK-204
Assault Carbine (other) AK-9AMB-17SR3 (MMP)
Automatic Support Weapons Light Machine Gun RPK-16RPK-74MRPK-201RPK-203RPK-400
General Purpose Machine Gun AYeK-995AYeK-999PKP
Heavy Machine Gun [[]]
Rifles Anti-Materiel Rifle KSVKOSV-96V-94
Bolt-Action Rifle DVL-10ORSIS 120ORSIS 140ORSIS 220ORSIS AlpineORSIS F17ORSIS F-ClassORSIS HunterORSIS T-5000ORSIS VarmintSV-98 (SV-98M)SV-99SV-338
Marksman Rifle OSV-96SVCh (-51-54-338)SVD (GKMNN1N2N3SSN2SN3)SVU (-A-AS-M)VSK-94VSS (M)
Civilian Rifle KO-40KO-44KSZ-223OP-SKSORSIS K15OTs-03MOTs-130SOK-95 (MM-01)TK509TK510TK515Vepr 15VPO-101VPO-111 (01)VPO-123 (-2)VPO-125VPO-129 (-2)VPO-136VPO-148-02VPO-240
Launchers Grenade Launcher (Attachment) BS-1GP-25GP-30 (M)GP-34Kalashnikov Grenade Launcher
Grenade Launcher (Standalone) 6G30DP-61DP-64GM-94RG-6RGM-40RGM-50 (M)
Disposable Rocket Launcher RPG-18RPG-22RPG-26RPG-27RPG-28RPG-30
Rocket Launcher AYeK-908RPG-2RPG-2RPG-4RPG-7RPG-16RPG-29RPG-32
Guided, Anti-Tank 9P111
Guided, Anti-Air [[]]
Non-Lethal Weapons Rifle Junker-4-327Junker-4-439
Pistol AYeK-946Kedr-MDMP-471PDT-9TPDT-13T
Underwater Weapons Sidearm SPP-1
Rifle ADSAFM-DT
Explosives Anti-Personnel Mines [[]]
Anti-Tank Mines [[]]
Offensive Grenades [[]]
Smoke Grenades [[]]
Firearm Accessories
Weapon Equipment Attachment Mounts [[]]
Magazines 6L56L66L76L86L96L106L116L126L156L166L176L186L196L206L236L246L256L266L276L286L296L316L336P2 Sb.11
Weapon Sights Collimator 1P561P63 (PK-1) (ObzorZapev)1P66 (VK-10T)EKP-1S-03 (M)EKP-8 (02161821M-PP)
Holographic [[]]
Iron [[]]
Night 1PN341PN581PN68NSPU (MM-1)
Reflector EKP-8-18PK-06
Telescopic 1P29 (USP-1)1P43
Attachments Flashlights & Lasers [[]]
Foregrips & Bipods 6Ch64
Infantry Equipment
Optics, Detection and Surveillance Man-Portable Radar 1L227 SobolyatnikAistenokPSNR-8M Kredo-M1
Mine Detectors Korshun
Night Vision Goggles 1PN138Lun-M
Periscopes TR-8
Rangefinders PDU-4
Surveillance Ironiya
Artillery
Autocannons 23mm 2A14
Anti-Aircraft Guns 23mm 2A1323mm ZU-23
Anti-Tank Guns 85mm D-48100mm 2A19 (-1MN)100mm 2A23100mm 2A29 (-1-6-7KMN)125mm 2A45 (M)
Anti-Tank Guided Missiles 9M1119M1139M1319M133
Anti-Tank Guided Missile Systems 9K1119K1139K1159K135
Anti-Tank Guided Missile Systems 2P262P27
Howitzers 122mm D-30 (AA1)
Mortars 82mm 2B1482mm 2B25
Mountain Guns 76mm GP-58
Recoilless Guns B-10 (N)
Rocket Artillery 9K51 (-1M)
Siege Artillery [[]]
Land Vehicle Weapons
Vehicle Machine Guns 6P416P49DShKDT (M)KPVTNSVTPKBPKMTPKT (M)SGMT
57mm Tank Guns Ch-51M
73mm Tank Guns 2A282A41
76.2mm Tank Guns D-56T (S)
85mm Tank Guns D-5T (85MBU)D-58D-70ZiS-S-53 (M)
100mm Tank Guns 2A70D-10SD-10T (2S)D-50D-54 (S)LB-1U-8TS
115mm Tank Guns 2A212A20D-68U-5TS
120mm Tank Guns 2A60
122mm Tank Guns A-19SBL-9BL-13-1 (A)D-6D-25SD-25T (44TBM)D-30TD-49M-30M-62 (ST2S)U-11
125mm Tank Guns D-812A262A46 (12M)2A82 (11M)D-81TMML-20
130mm Tank Guns S-26S-70 (A)
152.4mm Tank Guns 2A332A83BL-10BR-2D-4SD-22M-51M-53SM-64M-69ML-20 (ML-20SM)
Heavy Guns 180mm B-1-P203mm B-4
Autocannon (?) 23mm 2A7 (M)30mm 2A38M30mm 2A4230mm 2A7237mm 2A1157mm S-68
Autocannon Mounts 23mm 2A10 (M)37mm 2A12
Aircraft Weapons & Munitions
7.62mm Machine Guns GShG-7.62ShKAS
12.7mm Machine Guns Berezin UB
23mm Cannons GSh-6-23 (M)GSh-23 (L)NR-23NS-23
30mm Cannons 2A422A72GSh-6-30GSh-301NR-30
37mm Cannons N-37
Rocket Pods B-8 (M1)B-13O-25ORO-57KUB-16 (UB-16-57)UB-32 (A)
Rockets S-5S-8 (BMKOMOM)S-13 (OFT)S-24 (B)S-25 (LLDOFMOFM-PU)S-80
AAM K-5K-8K-13 (A)R-27 (EPERETPRT)R-33 (E)R-40 (RDTD)R-60 (MMK)R-73 (AE)R-77RVV-AE
ASM Kh-31 (AAD)Kh-35 (EU)Kh-41P-800
AGM Kh-23Kh-25(MLMT)Kh-29 (DLMLT)Kh-31Kh-38 (MAEMEMKEMLEMTE)Kh-59 (MEMKMK2)Kh-66
Anti-Radiation Missiles Kh-25MPKh-27 (PS)Kh-28Kh-31 (PPD)Kh-58 (UShKE)
Cruise Missiles Kh-36Kh-65 (SSE)Kh-SD
Bombs BETAB-500SHPFAB-250FAB-500 (T)KAB-500 (KRLODS-E)KAB-1500 (KRL)ODAB-500PMOFAB-100-120OFAB-250-270P-50TRBK-250RBK-500SPBE-DZB-500
Naval Weapons & Munitions
7.62mm Machine Guns [[]]
12.7mm Machine Guns [[]]
23mm Cannons [[]]
30mm Cannons [[]]
37mm Cannons 70-K
100mm Cannons AK-100
Rockets [[]]
Air-to-Air Missiles [[]]
Air-to-Ship Missiles [[]]
Air-to-Surface Missiles [[]]
Anti-Radiation Missiles [[]]
Cruise Missiles [[]]
Bombs [[]]
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